Patients trust their doctors to give them the best treatment and restore their health. Therefore, it is the duty of the doctors and medical staff to serve them with complete dedication so that they recover at the earliest and their health problems are treated to the best. The safety of the patients is also of utmost importance because it can sometimes make the difference between life and death. A slightest mistake on the behalf of the medical staff can actually jeopardize the life of the patient while a few safety precautions can save their life and take them on the road of rapid recovery.
Here are top 10 ways to improve patient safety now:
1. Take care of hand hygiene
It is important for the doctors as well as medical staff to make sure that they follow the rules of hand hygiene to perfection. Washing hands regularly and making use of sanitizers are great ways to enhance the safety of patients by preventing spread of infection. Use of alcohol based hand rubs and gloves by nurses and doctors, is also encouraged.
2. Prevention of transmission of infection by using barrier precautions
Besides looking after hand hygiene, it is equally important to make use of barrier precautions so that the spread of infections is prevented. These barrier precautions include gloves, gowns and masks. Also, using disposable equipment makes the patient safe from various types of infections.
3. Preventing blood infections related central line
The risk of blood infections related to central line can be minimized by taking certain precautions, which include masks, caps, gloves and gowns to be worn by the health care professionals setting them up. Also, a full body drape on the patient helps. The skin should be cleaned with chlorhexidine while the unnecessary catheters should be removed.
4. Central lines to be placed using real time ultra-sonography
Another effective way in which patient safety can be improved is by making use of real time ultra-sonography for placing central lines in the correct manner. This helps the health care professionals place them at the right spot in the very first attempt, which minimizes the chances of infection.
5. Preventing catheter related urinary tract infections
Patients needing catheters are prone to the risk of urinary tract infections and the correct placement and care of catheters is another useful tip for ensuring the safety of patients against such infections. These days, special electronic systems are being used for this purpose.
6. Lesser complications in surgeries by making use of preoperative checklists
Making use of the preoperative checklists is a good way to reduce the complications and infections related to surgical procedures. The entire surgical team should be aware and educated about this checklist.
7. Proper awareness of drug abbreviations
It is of great importance for the medical staff to be aware of drug abbreviations as even a small misinterpretation can actually compromise with the safety as well as the life of the patient.
8. Safety against deep vein thrombosis
One of the killer conditions amongst hospital patients is deep veined thrombosis, which can lead to something as fatal as pulmonary embolisms. It can be curbed effectively with some medicines as well as mechanical compressing devices or stockings.
9. Prevention of pressure ulcers
Pressure ulcers and bed sores make a major risk factor for patients and account for a high rate of complications for them. Proper care and management and use of right material can help in prevention of these conditions.
10. Prevention of ventilator related pneumonia
Proper antibiotic therapy is an effective measure to prevented ventilator related pneumonia as well as other ICU infections, both in adults and children. Special intervention care bundles are used for this purpose.